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Modafinil - Mankhwala Osokoneza Bongo Opambana ndi Mapindu a Nootropic

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1.Magwiritsidwe ntchito ndi mankhwala oyenera? 2.Kodi Modafinil ndi chiyani?
3.Kodi Modafinil Zimagwira Ntchito Bwanji? Ntchito 4.Modafinil ndi Ubwino
5.Modafinil Zotsatira Zotsatira ndi Dosage 6.Adrafinil vs. Modafinil vs. Armodafinil
7.Pikugula Genuine Modafinil ufa wofiira pa intaneti?


Mafilimu ghafi ya Modafinil


| | Modafinil ufa wofiira Nootropics Anthu oyambirira:

Name: Modafinil
CAS: 68693-11-8
Makhalidwe a Maselo: C15H15NO2S
Kulemera kwa maselo: 273.35
Melt Point: 164-166 ° C
Kusungirako nyengo: Sungani ku + 4 ° C
mtundu; Powder White White


1.Zani Mankhwala Osokoneza Bongoaasraw?

Manotropics, kapena mankhwala osokoneza bongo, akugwiritsidwa ntchito kuzungulira dziko lapansi ndi ophunzira, amalonda, mabanki aang'ono, othamanga, osewera masewera ndi amayi. Zimagwiritsidwa ntchito popititsa patsogolo luso la kuphunzira, kusintha malingaliro a ntchito, kukulitsa chidwi ndi kusinkhasinkha, komanso ngakhale kukonza luso lolankhulana.


2.Kodi Modafinil ndi chiyani?aasraw

Modafinil ndi mankhwala opatsirana otukuka omwe anafalitsidwa ndi Cephalon Inc. ndipo amavomerezedwa ngati mankhwala a FDA (Food and Drug Administration) ku United States. Poyesa kuyesedwa ngati mankhwala kuti athetse vuto linalake la kugona, nthawi zina limakhala ngati "mankhwala osokoneza bongo" omwe amadziwika kuti apititse patsogolo ntchito ya munthu yemwe alibe vuto ndi kutopa komanso kusowa tulo.

Mudzawonanso kugulitsidwa pansi pa mayina a Provigil, Sun Pharma Modalert, Alertec, Modapro, ndi Modiodal.

Modafinil poyamba anapeza mu 1976 ndi pulofesa wina wa zachipatala wa ku France Michel Jouvet kuphatikizapo kampani ya mankhwala ya Cephalon. Pambuyo pakuwoneka kuti imayambitsa matenda osapangika mu maphunziro a zinyama, idagwiritsidwa ntchito kwa nthawi yoyamba mwa anthu monga chithandizo choyesera cha matenda osokoneza bongo mu 1986.

Kuyambira nthawi imeneyo, ntchito ya Modafinil yakhala ikugwirizanitsa ndi mavuto ena ogona, monga kusinthasintha-kugona kwa ntchito komanso kugona kwa tsiku ndi tsiku komwe kumayambitsa kugona kwa kugona.

Modafinil imagwiritsidwanso ntchito kwambiri ndi asilikali a Britain ndi a America kuti azisunga maso komanso azigwira ntchito mpaka maola a 40 pa nthawi. Kafukufuku apatsanso Modafinil kukhala othandiza kuthetsa kapena kuthetsa zotsatira za kuwonongeka kwa nthawi yochepa pa ubongo.

Pachifukwachi, chimagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati nootropic kuti chidziwitso chidziwitse makamaka anthu omwe sagone mokwanira.

Modafinil - Mankhwala Opambana Ambiri Opindulitsa a Nootropic (1)


3.Momwe Modafinil Amagwirira Ntchitoaasraw?

Njira zenizeni zomwe Modafinil alili m'thupi sadziwika. Kafukufuku wasonyeza kuti mankhwalawa amakhudza magulu osiyanasiyana a ubongo mu ubongo ndi pakatikati zamanjenje kuphatikizapo Histamine, Dopamine, Epinephrine (Adrenaline), Norepinephrine (Noradrenaline), Serotonin, ndi Orexin (Hypocretin).

Kutenga Modafinil kwawonetseredwa kuti ikuwetse maulendo a histamine ndikupanga ntchito mkatikatikati mwa mitsempha. Zotsatira za Modafinil zikuwonetsedwa kuti zisawonongeke pamene ndondomeko ya chilengedwe ya neuronal histamine yatha ndi mphamvu yotetezera. Izi zimatsutsana ndi mankhwala ofanana ndi otchedwa methylphenidate, omwe samachita chimodzimodzi ndi fluoromethylhistidine, histidine decarboxylase inhibitor.

Modafinil, chida chachikulu cha mankhwalawa ndi dzina lomweli, sichinafufuzidwe mokwanira momwe zingathetsere mfundo zonse zomwe zimayendetsa ntchitoyi. Kafukufuku wochuluka apeza kuti ntchitozi zimasintha potengera mbiri ya CNS mu thupi la munthu.

Maphunziro ogwiritsidwa ntchito pa makoswe atsimikizira kuti mankhwalawa amapita ku orexinergic system. Orexin ndi peptide yomwe imakhala ngati neurotransmitter ndipo imakhudzidwa ndi malamulo a kugona / kuuka kwa dziko komanso kusamalira maso. Nkhani zoyesera zomwe zinalibe neuron yoyenera zinalephera kuchita monga ziyembekezeredwa, zosonyeza kuti chofunikira kwambiri cha orexin mwa njirazi.

Kafukufuku Modafinil wakhala akuwonetsa Dopamine ndi njira zake zosonyeza. Mu kafukufuku omwe amawoneka m'njira zosiyanasiyana ndi ma neurotransmitters, Modafinil adawoneka kuti amakhudza Dopamine transporter, ngati Dopamine reuptake inhibitor. Phunziro lowonjezera pogwiritsa ntchito PET mu odwala aumunthu linawona kuti pokhala malo a Dopamine othandizira, Modafinil anawonjezeka kwambiri ku Dopamine mu ubongo.


4.Ntchito za Modafinil ndi Mapinduaasraw

Modafinil wasonyezedwa kuti athandize anthu kukhalabe maso komanso ogwira ntchito, komanso kuwongolera malingaliro awo ngati kukumbukira kwawo kwakhala koopsa kwambiri chifukwa cha kutha kwa kugona.

Maphunziro awonetsa bwino mgwirizano pakati pa kugwiritsira ntchito mankhwalawa ndi kusunga chidziwitso kudziko labwino lomwe likulimbana ndi zinthu monga kusowa tulo. Komabe, si onse omwe angagwirizanitse Modafinil ndi kusintha kwa maganizo pazochitika za anthu.


Matenda osokoneza bongo, Kusinthana-Kugwira Ntchito Yopusa, ndi Kugonana Kwakufa

Matenda osokoneza bongo ndi matenda a ubongo omwe amachititsa kuti munthu asamavutike komanso azigona. Matendawa amachititsa kuti munthu asagone usana, ndipo amatha kuchititsa kuti anthu asatope ndi kugona tsiku lonse. Chinthu chenichenicho choyambitsa matenda osokoneza bongo sichidziwikiratu, ngakhale pali zifukwa zingapo, komanso kugwirizana kwakukulu ndi ziwalo zina za chibadwa. Chimodzi mwa njirayi ndi chifukwa cha kutayika kwa orexin kumasula neurons mu ubongo.

M'maphunziro ambiri ofufuza omwe amachitidwa kafukufuku omwe amachitidwa kawiri kawiri, Modafinil wakhala akuwoneka ngati mankhwala othandiza kuchepetsa kugona kwa tsiku ndi tsiku kwa anthu omwe ali ndi vutoli. Zovuta pa Kugonjetsa Kwambiri Kwambiri Kwambiri ndi Kukonzekera kwa Kugalamuka Kuyesedwa kwabwino kwambiri pogwiritsa ntchito Modafinil pamwamba pa placebo. Kugona kwa usiku kumayesedwa pamene akuyesedwa pogwiritsa ntchito polysomnography kwapezeka kuti sikunayende bwino pogwiritsa ntchito Modafinil poyerekezera ndi placebo.

Modafinil - Mankhwala Opambana Ambiri Opindulitsa a Nootropic (3)

Pambuyo pa kuchipatala, zizindikiro za matenda osokoneza bongo zinayambanso kubwerera kwa odwala kupita kumadera awo oyambirira pamene sakupeza chithandizo. Sipanakhalepo malipoti a anthu omwe akukula zizindikiro zosiya kubwereka zomwe zimawoneka ndi zolimbikitsa zina monga amphetamines, ndipo kukula kwa kudalira sikukuwoneka ngati vuto. Chomwe chimakhala choipa kwambiri pa zotsatira za maphunziro a Modafinil chifukwa cha matenda osokoneza bongo amatha kupwetekedwa mutu, ndipo maguluwo sanali aakulu kwambiri kuposa omwe anauzidwa ndi placebo.

Akatswiri ofufuza apeza kuti Modafinil ndi njira yabwino yosamaliramo mankhwala osokoneza bongo, ndipo kawirikawiri amalembedwa pofuna cholinga cha mankhwalawa. Kugwiritsira ntchito matenda ena ogona kwakula makamaka, makamaka matenda osokoneza ntchito ogwira ntchito komanso matenda osokoneza bongo / hypopnea.

Matenda ogona osagwira ntchito ndi matenda osokoneza bongo omwe amapezeka pamene anthu ali ndi ntchito zomwe amagwira nthawi yogona usiku. Izi zikhoza kukhala anthu amene nthawi zonse amagwira ntchito zosiyanasiyana usiku kapena nthawi yomwe imayendetsa masewera ogwira ntchito usiku. Izi zikuwonetsanso kwa anthu ena omwe amagwira ntchito nthawi yaitali, monga madokotala.

Mofanana ndi vuto lachilomboka, anthu omwe ali ndi vuto la kugona ntchito amagwira ntchito mopitirira muyeso usana. Kuonjezerapo, iwo amatha kugona ngati akuyesera kugona kunja kwa nthawi yogona (ie masikati). Ngati anthu amatha kubwerera kuzogona m'malo momwe zizindikiro zidzasinthire okha, komatu izi sizowonjezera anthu ambiri.

Phunziro limodzi, odwala omwe ali ndi vuto la kugona ntchito amagonjetsedwa ndi 200 mg ya Modafinil kapena placebo musanayambe kusintha. Odwala omwe amachitidwa ndi Modafinil amawoneka kuti amachepetsedwa nthawi ndi nthawi komanso atayesedwa panthawi yoyesedwa. Kupititsa patsogolo msinkhu pa nthawi yogona kunawonanso.

Komabe ngakhale kuti zinthu zikuyendera bwino, odwala akupitirizabe kugona mokwanira komanso kusagwira ntchito usiku. Ofufuza amanena kuti chifukwa cha kugona kumeneku kumakhalabebe kuti chithandizo cha mankhwala ochiritsira kwambiri n'chofunika.

Matenda osokoneza bongo / hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) ndi matenda aakulu omwe amapezeka pamene minofu yothandizira lilime ndi pakamwa pang'onopang'ono pakamwa zimakhala bwino ndipo zimapangitsa kuti mpweyawo usatseke pang'ono. Apnea imatanthawuza nthawi yosatseka komanso yopuma, pamene hypopnea imatanthawuza kupuma kwapang'onopang'ono kapena kosasunthika komwe kumachitika mwachindunji.

Zisonyezero za kugonana kwa kugona zimaphatikizapo kumveka mokweza, kupuma kupuma pamene tikugona, kumadzuka, kumadzuka ndi pakamwa youma ndi pakhosi, m'mawa am'mawa, ndi kugona kwambiri kwa usana.

Choncho, Modafinil nthawi zina amagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati mankhwala opatsirana pofuna kuthandizira zizindikiro za matenda obisala. Kugwiritsiridwa ntchito kwake sikuli kuyesa ndi kuchiza matendawa, koma m'malo mochepetsera usana wa masana umene umapezeka kawirikawiri chifukwa cha kusokoneza tulo tomwe timayambitsa kupuma usiku. Kafukufuku wochuluka wochititsa kafukufuku wa malo omwe ali ndi kawiri kawiri amasonyeza kuti Modafinil amathandiza kwambiri kugona usana poyerekezera ndi placebo.


Chisokonezo Chisokonezo chisokonezo & Tcheru-Kusokonezeka Kusokonezeka maganizo

Chinthu chimodzi chomwe chimagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri ndi malemba a Modafinil ndicho Chisokonezo Chosazindikira (ADD) ndi Matenda Okhudzidwa Okhudzidwa (ADHD). Anthu ambiri amagwiritsa ntchito Modafinil chifukwa cha zinthu izi chifukwa cha zotsatira zake. Ndemanga zambiri zamagwiritsa ntchito pa intaneti kuti kugwiritsa ntchito Modafinil kwa ADHD kumawathandiza kukhalabe olimbikitsidwa ndi kuyang'ana pa ntchito yomwe ilipo.

Kuwongolera kwina kumatchulanso kuti ntchito ya Modafinil ilibe zotsatira zoyipa (mwachitsanzo, nkhawa, kuvutika maganizo) zomwe zimapezeka ndi mankhwala monga Adderall, Ritalin, dextroamphetamine, ndi dexmethylphenidate.

Kafukufuku wochuluka wadzayezetsa ntchito pogwiritsa ntchito Modafinil kusamalira ADHD kwa akuluakulu. Kafukufuku wina anayerekezera Modafinil ndi placebo, pamene ena anayerekezera Modafinil ndi mankhwala ochiritsira ku placebo.

Kafukufuku wina anayesera kuti Modafinil ikhale yogwira ntchito poyerekeza ndi mankhwala a dextroamphetamine. Odwala omwe adatenga mankhwala ena omwe amawagwiritsa ntchito amawoneka kuti adasintha kwambiri pazomwe anapeza DSM-IV ADHD poyerekeza ndi placebo. Ofufuzawo anapeza kuti mapiritsi a Modafinil ndi othandiza kwambiri kwa anthu achikulire omwe ali ndi ADHD.

Kafukufuku wopangidwa ndi kawiri kawiri, wosadziwika bwino, wodziwika ndi malo omwe anagwiritsidwa ntchito m'malo mwake anapeza kuti mlingo wa 200 mg wa Modafinil unatha kupanga njira yofananamo ya chidziwitso kwa odwala omwe ali ndi ADHD poyerekezera ndi odwala wathanzi. Ofufuzawa anapeza kuti Modafinil ali ndi mwayi wothandizira anthu odwala matendawa ngati mankhwala opatsirana.

Kugwiritsira ntchito Modafinil kwa ana a ADHD sikuvomerezedwa panthawiyi. Kafukufuku wopangidwa pogwiritsa ntchito njira yapamwamba ya mankhwala ya Modafinil yotchedwa Sparlon m'mabanja omwe ali ndi ADHD adatha ndi zotsatirapo zoipa zochepa mwa anthu ochepa.

Matenda a Stevens-Johnson ndi matenda osadziwika komanso owopsa a khungu komanso mazira. Zizindikiro zake zazikulu ndizo malungo, kutopa, kupweteka khungu, kufalikira kofiira kapena kofiirira, ndi matonthozi a m'matumbo, mphuno, maso, ndi ziwalo.

Maphunziro ambiri kuyambira nthawi imeneyo asonyeza kuti ntchito ya Modafinil ikugwira ntchito bwino kwa ana a ADHD, ngakhale kuti sivomerezedwa kuti igwiritsidwe ntchito pagululi. Kuwonjezera pamenepo, Modafinil sakuvomerezedwa ndi FDA ngati mankhwala kuti adziwe ADD kapena ADHD kwa akuluakulu, ndipo kufufuza kwina kukufunikanso kuti mudziwe zotsatira zake zokhudzana ndi matendawa.

Zizindikiro za Kutopa ndi Kuvutika Maganizo (Multiple Sclerosis) (MS)
Chimodzi mwa zizindikiro zomwe zimawoneka kuti zimakhala ndi matenda ovutika maganizo ndi kutopa. Ngakhalenso odwala omwe amatha kupatsidwa mankhwala opatsirana pogonana monga selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs) komanso kusintha kwa zizindikiro zina zokhudzana ndi kupsinjika maganizo, kutopa ndi kugona mokwanira kumathabe.

Kuonjezerapo, odwala ena samayankha komanso amafuna mankhwala ochiritsira, ndipo kuphatikizapo azimayi omwe amagwiritsa ntchito mankhwalawa ndi Modafinil wakhala akuwoneka ntchito nthawi zina.

Kafukufuku wochuluka wamagulu awiri omwe amachititsa kuti anthu asamayang'ane malo awo ayang'ana modafinil kuwonjezera pa odwala omwe ali ndi kutopa komanso ogona omwe amangoyankha njira yachilendo ya SSRI yokhumudwitsa. Mu maphunziro atatu osiyana koma ofanana, Modafinil anagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati mankhwala opatsirana ndi SSRI olekerera odwala omwe anali omvera kapena osatembenukira kwa SSRIs okha.

Mu mayesero onse atatu, Modafinil adawoneka kuti akulepheretsa kwambiri kutopa ndi kugona kwa odwala posachedwa (masabata osachepera a 6). Ofufuzawo anapeza kuti Modafinil angakhale chithandizo chothandiza kwa odwala ena ovutika maganizo, makamaka omwe ali ndi vuto lotopa.

Monga momwe akuwonera odwala omwe akuvutika maganizo, chimodzi mwa zizindikiro zomwe zimawoneka ndi Multiple Sclerosis ndi kutopa. Kufufuza kochepa kwachitika kwa odwala omwe ali ndi vutoli, komabe zomwe zachitidwa zikudalira.

Kafukufuku wina anali osasamala, gawo la 2, maphunziro awiri omwe ankafanizira Modafinil ndi malobo pofuna kuthetsa kufooka kwa odwala omwe ali ndi MS. Odwala anali oyamba kupatsidwa malo a placebo kwa masabata 1-2, kenako 200 mg Modafinil mapiritsi kwa masabata 3-4, XMUMX mg Modafinil mapiritsi kwa masabata 400-5, ndiyeno placebo kachiwiri kwa masabata 6-7.

Ofufuzawo sankachita chithandizo kuti athetse chitetezo cha ophunzira. Pofuna kuonetsetsa zotsatira zosafunika, njira yothandizira yothandizirayi inayesedwa pogwiritsira ntchito mamba ofunika kudziyesa, mayesero oyambirira ndikutopa Kwambiri (FSS).

Zinapezeka kuti kutopa ndi usana usintha kwambiri pogwiritsa ntchito mlingo wa 200 mg Modafinil, poyerekezera ndi mlingo wa 400 mg Modafinil ndi placebo. Ofufuzawo adanena kuti sizikudziwika bwino kuti mlingo wapamwamba wa 400 mg sunapitirize kusintha kwawoneka ndi 200 mg mlingo, poganiza kuti mwina chifukwa cha kulekerera kapena zovuta zokhudzana ndi mlingo zomwe zinapangitsa kuti phindu likhale lopanda phindu.

Ofufuza onsewa anaganiza kuti Modafinil akhoza kukhala mankhwala olekerera komanso othandiza kuti achepetse kutopa ndi kugona kwa anthu omwe ali ndi MS.


Zotsatira za Nootropic Zamakono Zowonjezera

Ena amagwiritsa ntchito mankhwalawa a Modafinil akugwiritsa ntchito mankhwalawa ngati mankhwala a nootropic kuti apangitse kukambirana. Anthu osiyanasiyana ochokera ku yunivesite kupita ku mabanki a Wall Street kuti amalonda agwiritse ntchito Modafinil kuti apangitse kukumbukira, kuphunzira, kuganizira, ndi kuyang'ana nthawi.

Kafukufuku wina omwe adafufuza zotsatira za kafukufuku wam'mbuyomu anapeza kuti Modafinil akuwonetseratu kusintha kwakumagwira ntchito komanso kukumbukira potsatira ntchito.

Kuwonanso kwina kunatsimikizira kuti Modafinil amathandiza kwambiri kuti azidziŵa bwino ntchito zogwira ntchito, makamaka pokonza ndi kuchita ntchito zovuta komanso zovuta.

Kafukufuku wina wamabuku awiri omwe amachititsa kuti afufuze kafukufuku awonetsere zomwe zingakhale zovuta kudziwa zomwe Modafinil anali nazo pa amuna achikulire okhwima.

Zinapezeka kuti ntchito ya Modafinil yowonjezera kuti ophunzira athe kuyesedwa pamayesero osiyanasiyana a ubongo, kuphatikizapo kuyembekezera zowonetserako, kukonza malo, ndi kuyerekezera kwa mayeso. Mofananamo, kuyankha mayesero ena kunawoneka kuti kwachepetsedwa, kutanthauza kuti Modafinil angathandize kuchepetsa kukhudzidwa ndi kukulitsa molondola.

Mofananamo ndi ndemanga zamagwiritsidwe zomwe zimapezeka muzitukuko za nootropic pa intaneti, otsogolera mu phunzirolo adanena kuti akumva bwino kwambiri ndikumvetsera Modafinil, ndikukhala ndi magetsi amphamvu.

Kafufuzidwe kafukufuku amafunika m'dera lino kuti awonetsetse zotsatira zomwe Modafinil angakhale nazo pa anthu abwinobwino kuti athetse luso la kuzindikira.


5.Modafinil Zotsatira Zake ndi Mlingoaasraw

Modafinil amaonedwa kuti ndi otetezeka popanda zotsatira zoyipa pamene amagwiritsidwa ntchito monga momwe amachitira. Pali zovuta zina za Modafinil zomwe mungakumane nazo pakagwiritsidwe ntchito.

Kupyolera mu maphunziro ochipatala a mankhwala, ofufuza apeza mndandanda wa zotsatirazi zomwe zingawonongeke ndi Modafinil:

mutu
nseru
Mantha
Rhinitis (kutupa kwa mucosa wamphongo)
Kupanda njala
kutsekula
Kutaya kolemera mwamsanga
kusowa tulo
oopsa
pakamwa youma
kusanza
Zina mwazosavuta koma zoopsa zowopsa za Modafinil ndi zosiyana ndi zikopa zapakhungu, kuphatikizapo matenda otchedwa Stevens-Johnson omwe amatchulidwa kale, Kuchita Mankhwala Osokoneza Bongo ndi Eosinophilia ndi zizindikiro zamatsenga (DRESS), ndi Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis (TEN).

Ngati mukukumana ndi zotsatira za zotsatirazi pamene mutenga mapiritsi a Modafinil, mufunsane ndi dokotala kapena wamankhwala. Ngati mukufuna kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwalawa, funsani dokotala wanu mankhwala kapena mufufuze ngati mukuyenera kugula Modafinil mudziko lanu popanda mankhwala.

Pogwiritsidwa ntchito pa ma labels amagwiritsa ntchito, Modafinil amalembedwa pa mlingo wa 200 mg tsiku. Nthawi zina mlingo wa 100 mg pa tsiku umagwiritsidwa ntchito kuyamba, ndipo mlingowo ukuwonjezeka kufika kwa 200 mg pang'onopang'ono mwa anthu omwe angakhale ozindikira kuti mankhwalawa ayambe.

Palibe njira zovomerezeka za Modafinil zogwiritsa ntchito malemba. Anthu ambiri amatsatira mlingo wofanana ndi mankhwala, makamaka pozungulira 200 mg pa tsiku.

Ndibwino kuti muwerenge ndemanga ya Modafinil ndi zomwe mumagwiritsa ntchito musanayambe kutenga mlingo wanu woyamba kuti mudziwe momwe mankhwalawa angakukhudzireni.

Modafinil - Mankhwala Osokoneza Bongo Opambana ndi Mapindu a Nootropic


6.Adrafinil vs. Modafinil vs. Armodafinilaasraw

Adrafinil ndi chigawo chofanana kwambiri ndi Modafinil mu kapangidwe ndi ntchito. Mawiri awiriwa ali ofanana kwambiri mu mawonekedwe a maselo; Kusiyana kokha kumangidwe ndi Modafinil akusowa gulu la amide hydroxyl limene Adrafinil ali nalo.

Adrafinil amagwira ntchito ngati pulogalamu ya Modafinil. Izi zikutanthauza kuti zimatembenuzidwira ku Modafinil m'thupi, ndikuchitanso chimodzimodzi. Adrafinil adapezekadi zaka ziwiri pamaso pa Modafinil mu 1974 ndi kampani yomweyi yomwe inayamba kupeza Modafinil.

Chifukwa zimayenera kuti zikhale Modafinil m'thupi, Adrafinil sali yofanana ndi Modafinil. Sikuti Adrafinil yonse pa mlingo wa mankhwalawa adzasandulika kukhala Modafinil, ambiri amasanduka modacinilic acid.

Modafinil ndizomwe zili 1: 1 kuphatikizapo mapuloteni awiri, R-Modafinil ndi S-Modafinil. Enantiomers ndi magalasi otanthauzira amitundu imodzi; Chifukwa chake ali ndi maselo ofanana, maselo amasiyana.

Payekha, enantiomere R wa Modafinil amadziwika kuti Armodafinil. Monga mankhwala, Armodrafinil imagwiritsidwa ntchito mofananamo monga Modafinil, yomwe imapangitsa kuti anthu azikhala ndi vuto la kugona komanso kugona kwambiri. Theka la moyo wa Armodafinil ndi wautali kuposa Modafinil, zomwe zingapangitse kuti zikhale zovuta nthawi zina.

Armodafinil yotchuka kwambiri yotchedwa Armodafinil ndi Nuvigil, yomwe imatulutsidwa ndi kampani ya Cephalon, yomwe imapanganso dzina lotchuka kwambiri la Modafinil - Provigil.


7.Kodi Gula Zoonadi Modafinil ufa wofiira pa intanetiaasraw?

Mukhoza kupeza chitsimikizo chambiri cha Modafinil pa intaneti, koma n'zovuta kugula Zoona za Modafinil zakuda pa intaneti. Pali magwero ambiri ogulitsa katundu wonyenga pamsika. kotero pamene mugula Modafinil zakuda pa Intaneti, muyenera kusankha gwero lodalirika.


Tsatanetsatane wambiri,kulandila apa.


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