Ndife azimayi a mahomoni omwe amapereka ufa, Amuna otchedwa Hormones powugulitsa, Monga momwe tinalonjezera, ufa wathu wamtundu wa Hormone uli ndi chiyero chosachepera 98%.


Amuna a Hormones ufa

Mahomoni ali ndi zotsatira zambiri zofunika pa umoyo wa amayi. Mahomoni amtundu wa abambo, estrogen ndi progesterone, amadziwika bwino kwambiri chifukwa amachititsa kuti amayi azikhala ndi thanzi labwino, kuyambira kumka kupita kumimba mpaka kutha msinkhu ndi zina zambiri. Koma thupi lanu limapangitsanso ndikugwiritsa ntchito mitundu yambiri ya mahomoni omwe imakhudza mbali zina za thanzi lanu-kuchokera ku mphamvu yanu, kulemera, maganizo ndi zina zambiri. Kusintha kwakukulu pakati pa zaka zomwe zimayambitsa kutha kwa thupi (kubwerera kwa nthawi) zimabweretsedwa ndi kusintha kwa mahomoni opangidwa ndi mazira ambiri, makamaka estrogen.


Kwa nthawi yaitali anthu akhala akuganiza kuti chitukuko cha m'mawere m'mimba mwa amayi chimachitika chifukwa cha mahomoni azimayi powonjezera mafinya m'mimba mwa mayi omwe akudutsa m'kati mwa pathupi pa nthawi yomwe ali ndi mimba ndi kuyambitsa kukula kwa bere.

Mahomoni ofunikira kwambiri omwe amapangidwa ndi mazira ochuluka amadziwika ngati mahomoni a chiwerewere (sex steroid) - ndipo zazikuluzikulu ndi estrogen ndi progesterone. Mankhwalawa amatulutsa mahomoni ena amphongo, testosterone.

Panthawi yotha msinkhu, estrogen imayambitsa kukula kwa m'mawere ndipo imayambitsa umaliseche, chiberekero (chiberekero) ndi mazira amtundu (omwe amanyamula mazira mpaka mimba) kuti akhwime.

Zimathandizanso pa kukula kwa thupi ndikusintha kugawidwa kwa mafuta pa thupi la mtsikana, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti zikhale zochuluka m'chuuno, matako ndi ntchafu. Testosterone imathandiza kulimbikitsa minofu ndi kukula kwa mafupa.

Estrogen. Monga "hormone" yaikazi yaikulu, estrogen imalimbikitsa kukula ndi thanzi la ziwalo zoberekera ndi kusunga umaliseche, kuchepa, ndi kuperekedwa magazi. Maselo a Estrogen amatha kuchepa nthawi zonse, koma amachita motero. Nthawi zina pangakhale maestrogen ochulukirapo pakapita nthawi kusiyana ndi kale.


Kuwonjezera pa estrogen, magulu a mahomoni ena omwe amapangidwa ndi mazira ochulukitsa-hormone (mahomoni ena aakazi) ndi testosterone (mahomoni a androgen omwe amapezeka m'munsi mwa akazi) amakhalanso akusintha pa zaka zapakati pa moyo wanu, monga momwe tafotokozera mu tebulo ili m'munsimu.

Zomwe zimachepa zimachepetsedwa ndi progesterone zimakhudza momwe zimakhudzira kugonana, koma kuchepa kwapakati pa testosterone kungachepetseni libido (kugonana) pakati pa akazi apakatikati, ngakhale kuti izi zikutsutsanabe. Mfundo yakuti estrogen imachepera kuposa testosterone imatsogolera ena kukhulupirira kuti libido sayenera kuchepetsa kusamba. Kuperewera kwa testosterone mwa amayi kumangokhala zaka zakubadwa osati kugonana, ndipo kumayambira zaka isanakwane.


Puloteni ya Estradiol (E2), yomwe imatchulidwanso kuti isestololol, ndi hormone ya estrogen steroid komanso hormone yaikulu yachikazi. Zimakhudzidwa ndi malamulo oletsa kubereka kwa amayi omwe ali ndi mimba. Pulojekiti ya Estradiol imayambitsa zochitika zachiwerewere zachiwerewere monga mabere, kuwonjezeka kwa m'chiuno, ndi machitidwe a akazi omwe akugawidwa kwa amayi ndipo ndizofunikira pakukula ndi kukonzanso ziwalo zoberekera za amayi monga mammary, chiberekero , ndi umaliseche pakutha msinkhu, wamkulu, komanso mimba. Zili ndi zotsatira zofunikira m'magulu ena ambiri kuphatikizapo fupa, mafuta, khungu, chiwindi, ndi ubongo.

AASraw makamaka amapereka ufa wofiira wa estradiol ufa, estradiol ufa Benzoate, estradiol ufa valerate, ethinyl estradiol ufa, etc. Zonsezi zimatsimikiziridwa kuti ndizoyera, zoyenera komanso zowonongeka.


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